Importance Of A Medical Laboratory
A medical laboratory is a place where the tests for the clinical specimen will be done in order to get the information needed for the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of a disease on a patient. Clinical laboratories are not the same as the research laboratories because they focus on applied science mainly on the production like basis an not on the basic science on an academic basis.
There are two departments when it comes to laboratory medicine and each department will be subdivided into different units. These two departments are listed below.
Anatomic pathology – this department will include cytopathology, electron microscopy, and histopathology. A person can study each unit in a single course, academically. There are other courses that are related in this department and they are pathology, physiology, pathophysiology, and histology.
Clinical pathology which includes the following courses:
Clinical microbiology – this surrounds five different units of science. Mycology, immunology, bacteriology, parasitology, and virology are the units included here!
Clinical chemistry – the units that are under this section are toxicology, endocrinology, enzymology, and the instrumental analysis of blood components.
Hermatology – this units that are under this section are the manual and automated analysis of blood cells. The blood bank and the coagulation are the other subunits included in this section.
Cytogenetics is a subspecialty that is studied alongside genetics.
Reproductive biology – the units in this section include the assisted reproductive technology, sperm bank, and semen analysis.
You should know that it would vary from different places when it comes to the distribution of clinical laboratories in different health centers. An example for this is that some health institutions will have one lab intended for microbiology while some will not have a lab for microbiology but will have different labs for each unit.
Learn more about the detailed analysis of the role of each laboratory equipment for hermatology and urinalysis below.
You should know that any clinical specimen can be received by microbiology like the possible infected tissue, synovial fluids, cerebrospinal fluid, sputum, blood, urine, feces, and swabs. The main work here is focused on cultures, looking for possible pathogens that if found, will be identified further based on biochemical tests. A pathogen will also undergo a sensitivity test in order to find out if it is resistant or sensitive to a given medicine. Results will be reported together with the determined organism or organisms, and the type and quantity of drugs that will be given to a patient.
Different class of medical laboratories
In a lot of countries, there are two main types of medical laboratories that will process most of the medical specimens. The laboratories that are attached to the hospitals will perform different tests for the patients. The private laboratories will be analyzing the samples from the different health clinics, clinical research sites, insurance companies, and general practitioners. There are so many websites that can provide you with more information about medical laboratories, just click here for more.
Quotes: more tips here